With regard to the impact on climate change, only carbon emissions and carbon equivalents are relevant to Vossloh, these being generated by the energy consumption of Vossloh itself or in the upstream or downstream areas. All the Vossloh divisions have been making targeted investments to reduce energy consumption and boost energy efficiency for years. Vossloh has photovoltaic and solar thermal systems at a number of its production plants and uses waste heat from production.
The following tables present the consumption of significant energy sources within the Vossloh Group for the 2018 fiscal year and the comparative figures from 2017:
|MWh (Vossloh Group)*||2018||2017|
|District heating consumption||4,937.7||4,750.6|
* The following consumption figures for 2018 were calculated for the Transportation division reported as discontinued operations: Gas consumption: 2,155.0 MWh (2017: 1,779.4 MWh), electricity consumption: 3,515.3 MWh (2017: 6,696.6 MWh), district heating consumption: 3,153.2 MWh (2017: 15,218.0 MWh).
|Liters (Vossloh Group)*||2018||2017|
|Heating oil consumption||295,528.0||340,217.0|
* The following consumption figures for 2018 were calculated for the Transportation division reported as discontinued operations: Fuel oil consumption: 12,179.2 liters (2017: approx. 10,000 liters), fuel consumption: 59,971.6 liters (2017: 55,774.0 liters).
1 This includes the fuel consumption of Vossloh’s vehicle fleet.
The amount of Vossloh’s carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions was determined, as in 2017, on the basis of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol in the categories of scope 1 (direct emissions from the combustion of fossil fuel sources for heating and mobility) and scope 2 (indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electricity). The results were as follows:
|t CO2 equivalents, scope 1 (Vossloh Group)||2018||2017|
|Fuel oil consumption||749.6||861.4|
* 584.4 metric tons of scope 1 carbon equivalents were calculated for the Transportation division in 2018, which is reported as discontinued operations (2017: 490.5 tons).
|t CO2 equivalents, scope 2 (Vossloh Group)||2018||2017|
|District heating consumption||1,920.0||1,837.6|
* 2,898.6 metric tons of scope 2 carbon equivalents were calculated for the Transportation division in 2018, which is reported as discontinued operations (2017: 7,861.5 t).
Vossloh consistently makes use of the available options for further reducing its carbon emissions. Significant energy savings are linked primarily with the two current major construction projects: “Factory of the Future” at Vossloh Fastening Systems in Werdohl (savings target: 30 percent in comparison with the 2017 level) and “OT 2020” at Vossloh Cogifer in Outreau.
Numerous smaller changes are also contributing to the improvement of the greenhouse gas balance sheet. For example, only vehicles with a diesel, hybrid or electric engine and with emissions of less than 150 g CO2/km according to the manufacturers’ information are permissible as company cars at Vossloh AG. An incentive system is also in place which “rewards” employees for choosing company cars with lower emissions. Vossloh Fastening Systems and Vossloh AG are participating in the Clean AdvantageTM program, which offsets emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases caused by company vehicles with investments in reforestation, alternative energy and biomass projects, among other things. Through the use of optimized truck logistics, Vossloh Fastening Systems prevented more than 40 metric tons of CO2 emissions at the Werdohl location during the reporting year. An employee survey of Vossloh Fastening Systems GmbH and Vossloh AG on the subject of carbon emissions is planned for 2019 with the objectives of further increasing awareness of sustainability and reducing emissions.
The Customized Modules division has used a conference call and video conference system for a number of meetings since 2017, thus substantially reducing the number of employee trips. The greenhouse gas emissions of the division are now roughly 15 percent lower per year than before the conversion. Two additional measures were carried out in 2018 to improve the carbon balance sheet: Adjustments in outgoing delivery management have permanently reduced the number of express and airfreight shipments, and a complete reorganization of incoming deliveries for the production plants in Reichshoffen and Fère-en-Tardenois has ensured that the number of trucks and the mileage driven have been reduced by roughly a third.
The Lifecycle Solutions division is gradually converting its locations to green electricity. The company Alpha Rail Team was added in 2018. The complete conversion of the company Vossloh Mobile Rail Services to green electricity is planned for 2019. At the end of 2018, the division covered 38 percent of its electricity needs with power from renewable sources. According to the green electricity and climate protection certificates available from suppliers, Lifecycle Solutions prevented in 2018 roughly 425 metric tons of attributable carbon emissions with the conversion to green electricity.