Climatic-related emissions

With regard to the impact on climate change, only carbon emissions and carbon equivalents are relevant to Vossloh, these being generated by the energy consumption of Vossloh itself or in the upstream or downstream areas. All the Vossloh divisions have been making targeted investments to reduce energy consumption and boost energy efficiency for years. Vossloh has photovoltaic and solar thermal systems at a number of its production plants and uses waste heat from production.

The following tables present the consumption of significant energy sources within the Vossloh Group for the 2019 fiscal year and the comparative figures from 2018:

MWh (Vossloh Group)*20192018
Gas consumption105,957.6109,592.9
Electricity consumption68,678.065,157.0
District heating consumption4,376.24,937.7

* The following consumption figures for 2019 were calculated for the Transportation division reported as discontinued operations: Gas consumption: 1,989.8 MWh (2018: 2,155.0 MWh), electricity consumption: 3,813.3 MWh (2018: 3,515.3 MWh), district heating consumption: 3,234.4 MWh (2018: 3,135.2 MWh).

Liters (Vossloh Group)*20192018
Heating oil consumption292,695.1295,528.0
Fuel consumption11,073,495.81,028,613.3

* The following consumption figures for 2019 were calculated for the Transportation division reported as discontinued operations: Heating oil consumption 10,846.6 liters (2018: 12,179.2 liters), fuel consumption 62,024.0 liters (2018: 59,971.6 liters).

1 This includes the fuel consumption of Vossloh’s vehicle fleet.

The amount of Vossloh’s carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions was determined, as in 2017, on the basis of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol in the categories of scope 1 (direct emissions from the combustion of fossil fuel sources for heating and mobility) and scope 2 (indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electricity). The results were as follows:

t CO2 equivalents, scope 1 (Vossloh Group)20192018
Gas consumption19,482,420,162.7
Heating oil consumption743.6749.6
Fuel consumption2,725.92,623.6
Scope 1*22,952.023,535.8

* 554.0 metric tons of scope 1 carbon equivalents were calculated for the Transportation division in 2019, which is reported as discontinued operations (2018: 584.4 t).

t CO2 equivalents, scope 2 (Vossloh Group)20192018
Electricity consumption28,697.528,826.9
District heating consumption1,684.71,920.0
Scope 2*30,382.230,747.0

* 3,037.3 metric tons of scope 2 carbon equivalents were calculated for the Transportation division in 2019, which is reported as discontinued operations (2018: 2,964.8 t).

Vossloh does not have Group-wide data with which to ascertain the greenhouse gas emissions relating to the upstream and downstream areas (scope 3).

Vossloh consistently makes use of the available options for further reducing its carbon emissions, which included an array of smaller changes. For example, only vehicles with a diesel, hybrid or electric engine and with emissions of less than 150 grams of CO2 per kilometer according to the manufacturers’ information are permissible as company cars. Employees at Vossloh Switch Systems are only permitted to have company cars with emissions of less than 110 grams per kilometer since 2019. Vossloh Fastening Systems and Vossloh AG are participating in the Clean AdvantageTM program, which offsets emissions of greenhouse gases caused by company vehicles with investments in reforestation, alternative energy and biomass projects, among other things. Wherever feasible, employees at Vossloh companies travel by rail for business trips. The number of such trips totaled 2,074 in 2019, while the average distance traveled was 358 kilometers.

Employees in the Customized Modules divisions were required to substantially reduce the amount of travel in 2019, instead being encourage to make further use of the telephone and video conferencing system for meetings introduced in 2017. The permanent reduction in express and air freight contributed just as much to the reduction in the number of journeys – and thus in carbon emissions – as the reorganization of deliveries for the Reichshoffen and Fère-en-Tardenois plants.

The Lifecycle Solutions goodwill- converted the last of its welding plants in Nuremberg to green electricity as of January 1, 2020. Since 2019, battery-operated LED lights have been used instead of power generators to provide lighting for the rail-bound loading and unloading cars. 2019 also saw the division beginning to reduce fuel consumption through a package of measures. The Lifecycle Solutions division has set store, among other things, by a modern fleet of vehicles and incentives for driving in a fuel-efficient way, as well as by using video conferencing to reduce the need to make business trips and travel by air. Initial results will be available in 2020.